Apprenticeships in the UK
All Apprenticeships include on-the-job experience and off-the-job training, leading to recognised qualifications. There are, however, some differences between the Apprenticeship programmes offered in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
APPRENTICESHIPS IN ENGLAND
In England there are three levels of Apprenticeship:
- Intermediate Level Apprenticeships, leading to qualifications such as NVQ level 2, Key Skills and, in some cases, a knowledge-based qualification such as a BTEC.
- Advanced Level Apprenticeships, leading to qualifications such as NVQ level 3, Key Skills and, in some cases, a BTEC or City & Guilds award.
- Higher Apprenticeships, leading to qualifications such as NVQ level 4, and sometimes to academic qualifications such as Foundation degrees.
APPRENTICESHIPS IN WALES
Apprenticeships in Wales, like those in England, are offered at three levels, but under different names: · Foundation Apprenticeships · Apprenticeships · Higher Apprenticeships. They have similar entry requirements, and lead to the same types of qualification, although Apprentices in Wales work towards Essential Skills, rather than Key Skills.
MODERN APPRENTICESHIPS IN SCOTLAND
In Scotland, the term ‘Modern Apprenticeship’ is still used (as it was when this new form of Apprenticeship was introduced in the 1990s). Modern Apprenticeships in Scotland are generally for people aged 16-24.
They work towards Scottish Vocational Qualifications (SVQs) at level 2 or above, usually over a period of two to four years.
APPRENTICESHIPS IN NORTHERN IRELAND
In Northern Ireland the Apprenticeships programme is run by ApprenticeshipsNI. Apprenticeships usually last two to four years and lead to vocational qualifications at levels 2 or 3.